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This article is about the brand of
notebook computers. For the specific models by the same name, see
MacBook (2006–2012) and MacBook (2015–2019).

This article is part of a series on the
MacBook
  • MacBook Pro
  • MacBook Air
  • MacBook
    • 2006–2012
    • 2015–2019
List of Mac models by CPU type
  • v
  • t
  • e

A 13-inch MacBook Pro in packaging

The MacBook is a brand of Mac
notebook computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. that use
Apple’s macOS operating system since 2006. It replaced the
PowerBook and iBook brands during the Mac transition to Intel
processors, announced in 2005. The current lineup consists of the
MacBook Air (2008–present) and the MacBook Pro (2006–present). Two
different lines simply named “MacBook” existed from 2006 to 2012
and 2015 to 2019.

Overview[edit]

The MacBook family was initially housed in designs
similar to the iBook and PowerBook lines which preceded them, now
making use of a unibody aluminum construction first introduced with
the MacBook Air. This new construction also has a black plastic
keyboard that was first used on the MacBook Air, which itself was
inspired by the sunken keyboard of the original polycarbonate
MacBooks. The now standardized keyboard brings congruity to the
MacBook line, with black keys on a metallic aluminum body.

The lids of the MacBook family are held closed by
a magnet with no mechanical latch, a design element first
introduced with the polycarbonate MacBook. The Memory, drives, and
batteries were accessible in the old MacBook lineup, though the
newest compact lineup solders or glues all such components in
place. All of the current MacBooks feature backlit keyboards.

The MacBook was discontinued from February 2012
until March 2015, when a new model featuring an ultraportable
design and an all-metal enclosure was introduced. It was again
discontinued in July 2019 following a price reduction of the 3rd
generation MacBook Air and discontinuation of the 2nd generation
model.

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Models named “MacBook”[edit]

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MacBook (2006–2012)[edit]

Main article: MacBook
(2006–2012)

The MacBook is a line of Macintosh notebook
computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Inc. from May
2006 to February 2012. A new line of computers by the same name was
released in 2015, serving the same purpose as an entry-level
laptop. It replaced the iBook series of notebooks as a part of
Apple’s transition from PowerPC to Intel processors. Positioned as
the low end of the MacBook family, below the premium ultra-portable
MacBook Air and the powerful MacBook Pro, the MacBook was aimed at
the consumer and education markets. It was the best-selling
Macintosh ever. For five months in 2008, it was the best-selling
laptop of any brand in US retail stores. Collectively, the MacBook
brand is the “world’s top-selling line of premium laptops.”

There have been three separate designs of the
MacBook. The original model used a combination of polycarbonate and
fiberglass casing which was modeled after the iBook G4. The second
type was introduced in October 2008 alongside the 15-inch MacBook
Pro; the MacBook shared the more expensive laptop’s unibody
aluminium casing, but omitted FireWire. A third design, introduced
in late 2009, had retained a similar unibody design but changed
back to white polycarbonate.

On July 20, 2011, the MacBook was discontinued for
consumer purchase as it had been effectively superseded by the
MacBook Air which had a lower entry price. Apple continued to sell
the MacBook to educational institutions until February 2012.

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MacBook (2015–2019)[edit]

Main article: MacBook
(2015–2019)

The 12-inch MacBook (marketed as the new MacBook,
known colloquially as the 12-inch Macbook or Retina MacBook) is a
Macintosh notebook computer developed and sold by Apple Inc. In
Apple’s product line it was considered a more premium device
compared to the second-generation MacBook Air (at the time
consisting of 11.6-inch and 13.3-inch models that were larger and
heavier, while lacking the high-resolution “Retina” screen and
having thicker bezels), and sat below the performance range MacBook
Pro.

It was introduced in March 2015. It was more
compact than any other notebook in the MacBook family at the time
and included a Retina display, fanless design, a shallower
“Butterfly” keyboard, and a single USB-C port for both power and
data. It was discontinued in July 2019, being largely supplanted by
the third-generation MacBook Air with Retina display.

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MacBook family[edit]

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MacBook Air[edit]

Main article: MacBook Air

The MacBook Air is Apple’s least expensive
notebook computer. While the 1st generation was released as a
premium ultraportable positioned above the 2006 – 2012 MacBook,
lowered prices on subsequent iterations and the discontinuation of
that MacBook has made it serve as the entry-level Mac portable. The
2010 to 2017 base model came with a 13-inch screen and was Apple’s
thinnest notebook computer until the introduction of the MacBook in
March 2015. This MacBook Air model features two USB Type-A 3.0
ports and a Thunderbolt 2 port, as well as an SDXC card slot (only
on the 13inch model). This model of MacBook Air did not have a
Retina Display. A MacBook Air model with an 11-inch screen was
available from October 2010 to October 2016. In 2017, the MacBook
Air received a small refresh, with the processor speed increased to
1.8 GHz.

On October 30, 2018, the MacBook Air underwent a
major design change, dropping the USB Type-A ports, MagSafe, and
the SD card slot in favor of two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports and a
headphone jack. It was updated with a Retina display and Intel
Y-series Amber Lake i5 CPUs, as well as a Force Touch trackpad, a
third-generation butterfly mechanism keyboard, and the Touch ID
sensor found in the fourth-generation MacBook Pro, but without the
Touch Bar. The base price was also raised, although the base
configuration of the 2017 model was retained until July 9, 2019,
when it was discontinued along with the Retina MacBook.[1] The base price of this model
was also dropped to $1099 ($999 for students) on the same
day.[2]

On November 10, 2020, Apple announced that the
MacBook Air would use the new Apple M1 system on a chip. The M1 Air
does not have a fan, ensuring silent operation, but limiting the M1
chip speed in sustained operations. Performance was claimed to be
higher than most current Intel laptops.[3]

On June 6, 2022, at WWDC 2022, Apple announced a
new MacBook Air based on the Apple M2 system on a chip.[4] It incorporates several design
elements from the fifth-generation MacBook Pro models, such as a
flat, slab-shaped design, full-sized function keys, and a Liquid
Retina display with rounded corners and a notch for a 1080p webcam,
but retains the previous generation’s fanless design. It includes
two combination Thunderbolt 3/USB 4 ports and adds MagSafe
charging.[5]

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MacBook Pro[edit]

Main article: MacBook Pro

The MacBook Pro is Apple’s higher-end notebook
available in 13-inch, 15-inch, and 16-inch configurations. The
current generation 13-inch MacBook Pro was introduced in October
2018. It features a touch-sensitive OLED display strip located in
place of the function keys, a Touch ID sensor integrated with the
power button, and four USB-C ports that also serve as Thunderbolt 3
ports. The 13-inch model was also available in a less expensive
configuration with conventional function keys and only two
USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports, but since July 2019, the base MacBook
Pro model has the Touch Bar as well as quad-core processors,
similar to the higher-end models, although it still has only two
USB-C / Thunderbolt 3 ports.[6] The May 4, 2020 refresh adopts many of the
upgrades seen in the 16″ 2019 MacBook Pro, including the scissor
mechanism keyboard (“Magic Keyboard”) and a physical Escape
button.

On November 13, 2019, Apple released the 16-inch
MacBook Pro, replacing the 15-inch model of the previous
generation, and replacing the butterfly keyboard with a scissor
mechanism keyboard (dubbed the Magic Keyboard by Apple), reverting
to the old “inverted-T” arrow key layout, replacing the virtual
Escape key on the Touch Bar with a physical key, and replacing the
AMD Polaris and Vega graphics from the 15-inch model with options
from AMD’s Navi graphics architecture, as well as reengineering the
speakers, microphone array, and the thermal system compared to the
15-inch; the latter had thermal limitations in the 15-inch model
due to its design. In addition, the 16-inch is available with up to
64 GB of DDR4 2667 MHz RAM and up to 8 TB of SSD storage. It
also has a 100 Wh battery; this is the largest battery that can be
easily carried onto a commercial airliner under U.S. Transportation
Security Administration rules.[7][8][9]

On November 10, 2020, Apple announced a new model
of the MacBook Pro incorporating the new Apple M1 system on a
chip.[10] It has a
fan, allowing sustained operation of the M1 chip at its full
performance level, which is claimed to match or exceed that of
Intel versions. Unlike Intel Pro models, the M1 version only comes
with a 13-inch screen, has only two Thunderbolt ports and has a
maximum of 16 GB random access memory (RAM).[3]

On October 18, 2021, Apple announced new 14-inch
and 16-inch MacBook Pro models during an online event.[11] They are based on the M1 Pro
and M1 Max, Apple’s first professional-focused ARM-based systems on
a chip. This release addressed many criticisms of the previous
generation[12] by
reintroducing hard function keys in place of the Touch Bar, an HDMI
2.0 port,[13] a SDXC
reader and MagSafe charging. Other additions include a Liquid
Retina XDR display with thinner bezels and an iPhone-like notch,
ProMotion supporting 120Hz variable refresh rate, a 1080p webcam,
Wi-Fi 6, 3 Thunderbolt 4 ports, a six-speaker sound system
supporting Dolby Atmos, and support for a third 6K display on M1
Max models.[14] The
16-inch version is bundled with a 140W GaN power supply that
supports USB-C Power Delivery 3.1, though only MagSafe supports
full-speed charging as the machine’s USB-C ports are limited to
100W.[15]

On June 6, 2022, Apple announced an updated
13-inch MacBook Pro based on the Apple M2 system on a chip. It is
housed in the same chassis as the previous M1 MacBook Pro. [16]

On January 17, 2023, Apple announced updated
14-inch and 16-inch MacBook Pro models based on the M2 Pro and M2
Max chips. The updated models also include Bluetooth 5.3 and Wi-Fi
6E connectivity, HDMI 2.1, longer battery life, and up to 96GB of
memory with M2 Max models.[17]

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Comparisons[edit]

Model Processor (Apple silicon) Memory Storage Graphics Display resolution (IPS Retina) Peripheral connections Battery (lithium polymer, non-removable) List price
MacBook Air (M1, 2020) 3.2 GHz 8-core Apple M1 system-on-chip with 4 performance
cores and 4 efficiency cores
8 GB of unified in-package 128-bit 4266 MHz LPDDR4X
SDRAM with up to 68.2 GB/s of memory bandwidth

Optional 16 GB at the time of purchase
only.

256 GB PCIe-based SSD

Optional 512 GB, 1 TB or 2 TB at
the time of purchase, not upgradable after.

7-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared memory 13.3″, 2560  ×  1600, 227 px/in with wide color gamut
(P3), 400 cd/m2, True Tone display
  • 2× Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C 4) ports supporting charging and
    DisplayPort
  • 3.5 mm headphone jack
49.9 Wh $999, $899 for students
MacBook Air (M2, 2022) 3.5 GHz 8-core Apple M2 system-on-chip with 4
performance cores and 4 efficiency cores
8 GB of unified in-package 128-bit
6400 MHz LPDDR5 SDRAM with up to 102.4 GB/s of memory
bandwidth

Optional 16 GB or 24 GB at the time
of purchase only.

256 GB or 512 GB PCIe-based SSD

Optional 1 TB or 2 TB at the time of
purchase, not upgradable after.

8-core or 10-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared
memory
13.6″, 2560  ×  1664, 224 px/in with wide color gamut
(P3), 500 cd/m2, True Tone display, 1 billion
colors
  • 2× Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C 4) ports supporting charging and
    DisplayPort
  • 3.5 mm headphone jack
  • MagSafe 3 charging port
52.6 Wh $1,199, $1,099 for students
MacBook Pro (13-inch) 10-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared memory 13.3″, 2560  ×  1600, 227 px/in with wide color gamut
(P3), 500 cd/m2, True Tone display
  • 2× Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C 4) ports supporting charging and
    DisplayPort
  • 3.5 mm headphone jack
58.2 Wh $1,299, $1,199 for students
MacBook Pro (14-inch)
  • 3.5 GHz 10-core Apple M2 Pro system-on-chip with 6
    performance cores and 4 efficiency cores
  • 3.5 GHz 12-core Apple M2 Pro system-on-chip with 8
    performance cores and 4 efficiency cores
  • 3.5 GHz 12-core Apple M2 Max system-on-chip with 8
    performance cores and 4 efficiency cores
  • 16 GB of unified in-package 256-bit 6400 MHz LPDDR5
    SDRAM with up to 204.8 GB/s of memory bandwidth (Apple M2
    Pro)
  • 32 GB of unified in-package 512-bit 6400 MHz LPDDR5
    SDRAM with up to 409.6 GB/s of memory bandwidth (Apple M2
    Max)

Optional 64 GB (M2 Max) or 96 GB (M2
Max with 38-core GPU) RAM configuration available at time of
purchase only

512 GB or 1 TB PCIe-based SSD
Optional 2 TB, 4 TB or 8 TB at the time of
purchase, not upgradable after.

  • 16-core or 19-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared
    memory (Apple M2 Pro)
  • 30-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared memory (Apple
    M2 Max)

Optional 38-core GPU (M2 Max) available at time
of purchase only

14.2″, 3024 × 1964, 254 px/in with wide color gamut (P3),
SDR: 500 cd/m2, XDR: 1000 cd/m2
sustained full-screen, 1600 cd/m2 peak (HDR content
only), True Tone display, 1 billion colors, 1,000,000:1 contrast
ratio, 120 Hz adaptive refresh rate with ProMotion technology
  • 3× Thunderbolt 4 (USB-C 4) ports supporting charging and
    DisplayPort
  • 3.5 mm headphone jack
  • HDMI 2.1 port supporting up to one 7680 × 4320 (8K) display at
    60 Hz or one 3840 × 2160 (4K) display at 240 Hz
  • SDXC memory card slot (UHS-II)
  • MagSafe 3 charging port
69.6 Wh $1,999, $1,849 for students
MacBook Pro (16-inch)
  • 3.5 GHz 12-core Apple M2 Pro system-on-chip with 8
    performance cores and 4 efficiency cores
  • 3.5 GHz 12-core Apple M2 Max system-on-chip with 8
    performance cores and 4 efficiency cores
  • 16 GB of unified in-package 256-bit 6400 MHz LPDDR5
    SDRAM with up to 204.8 GB/s of memory bandwidth (Apple M2
    Pro)
  • 32 GB of unified in-package 512-bit 6400 MHz LPDDR5
    SDRAM with up to 409.6 GB/s of memory bandwidth (Apple M2
    Max)

Optional 64 GB (M2 Max) or 96 GB (M2
Max with 38-core GPU) RAM configuration available at time of
purchase only

  • 19-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared memory (Apple
    M2 Pro)
  • 38-core Apple-designed integrated GPU with shared memory (Apple
    M2 Max)
16.2″, 3456 × 2234, 254 px/in with wide color gamut (P3),
SDR: 500 cd/m2, XDR: 1000 cd/m2
sustained full-screen, 1600 cd/m2 peak (HDR content
only), True Tone display, 1 billion colors, 1,000,000:1 contrast
ratio, 120 Hz adaptive refresh rate with ProMotion technology
99.8 Wh $2,499, $2,299 for students

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Timeline[edit]

Timeline of all portable Macintoshes

  • v
  • t
  • e

image

See also: Timeline of Macintosh
models

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See also[edit]

  • MacBook Air
  • MacBook Pro

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References[edit]

  1. ^“Apple MacBook Air 2018 gets Retina display, Touch ID for
    $1,199, available Nov. 7”. CNET. 2018-10-30. Retrieved
    2018-11-15.
  2. ^ “MacBook Air and MacBook Pro updated for
    back-to-school season”. Apple Newsroom. Retrieved
    2019-08-07.
  3. ^ a b “New MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, Mac mini With
    Apple M1 SoC: Prices in India”. NDTV Gadgets 360. Retrieved
    2021-07-24.
  4. ^ Apple unveils all-new
    MacBook Air, supercharged by the new M2 chip
  5. ^ Pierce, David (2022-06-06).
    “Hands-on with the new, more colorful, M2-powered MacBook Air”.
    The Verge. Retrieved 2022-06-07.
  6. ^ “MacBook Pro”. Apple.com. Apple.
    Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  7. ^ “Lithium batteries with more than 100 watt
    hours”. Transportation Security Administration. 2017-03-14.
    Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  8. ^ “Pack Safe – Batteries, lithium”.
    www.faa.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  9. ^ “Apple introduces 16-inch MacBook Pro, the
    world’s best pro notebook”. Apple Newsroom. Retrieved
    2019-11-22.
  10. ^ “Apple unleashes M1”. Apple Newsroom.
    Retrieved 2022-06-22.
  11. ^ “Apple unveils game-changing MacBook Pro”.
    Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2021-10-18.
  12. ^ “Fixing the MacBook Pro – Marco.org”.
    marco.org. Retrieved 2021-10-19.
  13. ^ “New MacBook Pro models limited to HDMI 2.0”.
    AppleInsider. Retrieved 2021-10-19.
  14. ^ “Introducing M1 Pro and M1 Max: the most
    powerful chips Apple has ever built”. Apple Newsroom.
    Retrieved 2021-10-18.
  15. ^ Porter, Jon (2021-10-19).
    “Apple’s new 140W charger can fast charge a lot more than just your
    MacBook Pro”. The Verge. Retrieved 2021-10-19.
  16. ^ 13-inch MacBook Pro
    with M2 available to order starting Friday, June 17
  17. ^ “5 Things to Know About the New MacBook Pros”.
    MacRumors. Retrieved 2023-01-17.

Retrieved from
“https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MacBook&oldid=1135363973”

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